What is Foot Drop ?

Foot drop, also known as drop foot, is a condition that affects the ability to lift the front part of the foot, making it difficult to walk or run. It is caused by weakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift the foot, or damage to the nerves that control those muscles.

The condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, or spinal cord injury; muscle disorders such as muscular dystrophy; or trauma or injury to the nerves that control the foot. It can also be a side effect of certain medications or surgeries.

Symptoms of foot drop include dragging the foot when walking, a high-stepping gait, tripping or stumbling, and difficulty lifting the foot.Treatment for foot drop depends on the underlying cause and may include physical therapy, braces or splints to support the foot and ankle, or surgery to repair or replace damaged nerves or tendons. In some cases, Functional electrical stimulation may also be used to improve muscle function.

What is FES (Functional Electrical Stimulation) for Foot Drop?

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) for foot drop is a therapy technique that involves using electrical stimulation to activate the nerves and muscles in the lower leg and foot to improve mobility and function. Foot drop is a condition where a person is unable to lift the front part of their foot, making walking difficult and increasing the risk of falls.

In FES, small electrodes are attached to the skin of the leg and foot, which deliver electrical impulses to the nerves that control the muscles responsible for lifting the foot. These impulses help to activate the muscles and improve the ability to lift the foot, enabling better walking and reducing the risk of falls.

FES therapy for foot drop is often used as a part of rehabilitation programs for people with neurological conditions such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, or spinal cord injury, where foot drop is a common symptom. It can help to improve walking ability, increase confidence, and reduce the need for assistive devices such as ankle-foot orthoses.

How to write a good research paper ?

Writing a research paper can be a daunting task, but it is a crucial part of academic and professional development. In this video, we will provide some tips and techniques to help you write a good research paper.

Step 1: Choose a Topic

The first step in writing a research paper is to choose a topic. Choose a topic that interests you and has a substantial amount of research available on it. Make sure the topic is specific enough to be manageable and not too narrow or too broad. It is also important to make sure that the topic is relevant and important to the field.

Step 2: Research

The second step is to conduct research. Use a variety of sources such as books, academic journals, and online databases to gather information on your topic. It is important to take notes and keep track of your sources to avoid plagiarism.

Step 3: Create an Outline

The third step is to create an outline. An outline will help you organize your ideas and ensure that your paper has a logical flow. Make sure to include an introduction, body, and conclusion in your outline.

Step 4: Write the Paper

The fourth step is to write the paper. Start with the introduction, which should provide background information on the topic and clearly state your thesis statement. The body of the paper should include your research and analysis of the topic. Use evidence to support your arguments and make sure to cite your sources. Finally, end with a conclusion that summarizes your main points and restates your thesis statement.

Step 5: Edit and Proofread

The final step is to edit and proofread your paper. Make sure to check for grammar and spelling errors. It is also important to ensure that your paper follows the correct formatting and citation style. Ask a friend or colleague to review your paper for feedback.


Writing a research paper can be a challenging task, but with these tips and techniques, you can produce a high-quality paper. Remember to choose a specific and relevant topic, conduct thorough research, create an outline, write the paper, and edit and proofread. By following these steps, you can produce a well-written and well-researched paper that will contribute to the field of study. Thank you for watching.

How to write a good research proposal for PMRF Fellowship) ? 

Writing a good research proposal is crucial for getting selected for the Prime Minister's Research Fellowship (PMRF) program. Here are some tips on how to write a good research proposal for PMRF:

Important factors for getting selected for PMRF:

By keeping these factors in mind and following the guidelines for writing a good research proposal, you can increase your chances of being selected for the PMRF program.

How to identify a problem and convert it into a business ?

In today's world, problem-solving is the key to success in business. In this video, we will provide you with some tips and techniques on how to identify a problem and turn it into a business opportunity.

Step 1: Identify a Problem

The first step is to identify a problem that you are passionate about solving. Look for pain points or unmet needs in your community or industry. Conduct market research to identify potential problems and assess the viability of the solution.

Step 2: Validate the Problem

The second step is to validate the problem. Talk to potential customers and stakeholders to gather feedback and understand their needs. Use surveys, focus groups, and other research methods to validate the problem and determine the market demand for your solution.

Step 3: Develop a Solution

The third step is to develop a solution to the problem. Brainstorm ideas and prototype potential solutions. Test your solution with a small group of customers to gather feedback and refine your product or service.

Step 4: Create a Business Plan

The fourth step is to create a business plan. This should include your mission statement, target market, marketing strategy, financial projections, and key performance indicators. Make sure to include a detailed plan for how you will monetize your solution and generate revenue.

Step 5: Launch Your Business

The final step is to launch your business. Set up your website, social media accounts, and other marketing channels. Reach out to potential customers and partners to generate interest in your solution. Continuously gather feedback and iterate on your product or service to improve it.


Identifying a problem and converting it into a business can be a challenging but rewarding process. By following these steps, you can turn a problem into a business opportunity and make a positive impact in your community or industry. Remember to identify a problem, validate it, develop a solution, create a business plan, and launch your business.